Water Treatment

In emerging countries such as Indonesia, clean water is still lacking. According to UNICEF, only 50-75% of the people in Indonesia have improved water sanitation.

  • Indonesia still lacks a sufficient clean water supply.
  • On average, the benefits of investing in waste water management, sanitation, and hygiene. The range from US$2 to US$3 per dollar invested.
  • To develop sanitation in Indonesia, an investment of about US$5.00 per capita per year is needed, but currently it is only US$0.55 per capita per year.
  • Indonesia has about 6 percent of the world’s total water resources and total water demand is predicted to reach 356,575 million m³ in 2015.
  • Indonesia ratified its Millennium Development Goals and has a target of halving the proportion of the population that has no access to basic sanitation facilities in 2015.

In emerging countries such as Indonesia, clean water is still lacking. According to UNICEF, only 50-75% of the people in Indonesia have improved water sanitation.

Up until 2011, wastewater treatment service only covered 10% of the population in Indonesia’s eleven large cities. And about 70 million people in Indonesia lack access to good sanitation facilities. Indonesia’s water resources account for about six percent of global total water resources.

Only 82% of Indonesia’s population can access improved drinking water, while around 2% still rely on surface water for drinking water.  Indonesia has the worst drinking water in Southeast Asia. The country’s clean tap water is provided mostly by the governmental institution called PAM (Perusahaan Air Minum). On most of the big islands, which use pipe water or tap water from PAM, the water is not drinkable.

 

Water for Family in Indonesia

According to the Foundation for Mother and Child Health Indonesia, there is benefits of investing in wastewater management and sanitation. The range on average from US$2 to US$3 per dollar invested. Water sanitation plants in Indonesia are still incapable of fulfilling the needs of its 240 million residents across thousands of islands. Water management is still in the growth stage, and Indonesia is still trying to fix issues in clean water and water treatment. So many projects will be upcoming, especially in areas such as Sumatra, Kalimantan and Papua. According to the Water Environment Partnership in Asia, Indonesia’s total water demand is predicted to reach 356,575 million m³ per year in 2015.

Conserved Water Regions in Indonesia (2011)

No. Conservation Regions Total Region Area (Ha)
A Initiation of The Forestry Ministry 32 4,694,947.55
  National Marine Parks 7 4,043,542.30
  Marine Theme Parks 14 491,248.00
  Marine Wildlife 5 5,678.25
  Marine Nature Reserves 6 154,480.00
B Initiation of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Ministry 71 10,720,117.91
  National Aquatic Parks 1 3,521,130.01
  Aquatic Reserves 3 453.23
  Marine Nature Reserves 3 445,630.00
  Aquatic Theme Parks 6 1,541,040.20
  Protected Marine Areas/ Mangroves 2 2,085.90
C Regional Government 56 5,209,778.57
  Total 103 15,415,065.46

Source: Report on MGDs in Indonesia 2011 by National Development Planning Agency (BAPPENAS)

 

Sanitation as Solution for Clean Water

Actually, Indonesia ratified the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The target is to halve the proportion of the population that has no access to basic sanitation facilities in 2015. To develop sanitation in Indonesia, investment of about  US$5.00 per capita per year is needed. But currently is at a level of only US$0.55 per capita per year. It is reported by National Development Planning Agency (BAPPENAS). This can be an alternative investment for investors.

In the drinking water sector, DANONE, a global FMCG from France, holds almost 50% market share of the bottled water market. Accounting for sales of more than 10 billion liters of drinking water annually. In Indonesia water as a resource is under monopoly thanks to Law No. 7/2004. The law was the result of a compromise between the government and the World Bank. And it through the Water Resources Adjustment Loan (Watsal) program when Indonesia’s foreign debt was restructured and infrastructure projects opened water privatization in the local areas.

 

Continue reading…

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