The new Negative Investment list has finally been published by Indonesia Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) on May 18th, 2016. This 2016 Negative Investment List is replacing the 2014 Negative Investment List or Daftar Negatif Investasi 2014.
There are some sectors that are closed for the foreign investment on the prior Negative List. But now those sectors are open for foreign investment. There are also some sectors that completely got removed from the list, which means the companies in those sectors could legally run as 100% foreign owned companies. It opens more possibilities for the foreign investors who want to expand or even start a new business in Indonesia. Find out how to register a company in Indonesia.
Here are some of the most foremost industries and sectors that are affected by significant adjustments to ownership:
The previous regulation required a recommendation from Minister of Agriculture for several business activities. There are recommendations from the minister that removed from the Minister for the following activities:
1. Growing of food crops, including breeding/seeding with an area of more than 25 HA,
2. Processing of plantation crops with a 20% utilization of a business’s own crops, and
3. Research and development on genetically modified organisms.
Construction and Installation of High Voltage Electricity
On the prior Negative List Investment, it has no reference for the foreign investment. But on the 2016 Negative List Investment is now open 49% for foreign investment.
Marine and Fisheries
The 2016 Negative Investment List removes fishery and processing of fishery products from the list, and they are fully opens them for foreign ownership. Nevertheless, sea sand quarrying is no longer open for foreign ownership. The utilization of coral requires Minister of Environmental and Forestry’s recommendations.
Crumb Rubber Industry
It was 100% close for the foreign investment, but 100% foreign investment now permitted (provided that a special license from the Ministry of Industry of Indonesia is obtained). See how to get the import and export license in Indonesia.
Energy and Mineral Resources
There is a pretty significant change in this sector, the new regulation changes large Scale Power Plants (> 10 MW), maximum foreign ownership from 95% to 100% for PPP.
The new regulation is aligning the requirement for investment with the relevant regulations as issued by the Minister of Public Works and the Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM). Here are the changes:
- Construction services (contractors) with high technology, high risks, and/or work value of more than IDR 50 billion, maximum foreign ownership is 67% or 70% for investor from ASEAN countries;
- Construction consultancy services with high technology, high risks, and/or work value of more than IDR 10 billion, maximum foreign ownership is 67% or 70% for investor from ASEAN countries; and
- Water drinking supply, maximum foreign ownership is 95%.
Biomass Pellet and Producing Industry
It was only permitted when in partnership with a local SME, the new regulation said that now it’s 100% foreign investment permitted.
Direct selling and futures brokers got removed from the updated list, automatically these activities are fully open for foreign ownership and increased minimum foreign shareholder ownership from 33% to 67% for distributors and warehousing. Find out how to establish a trading company in Indonesia and the business set up overview.
The changes in this sector are:
- Land Terminal Construction for Public and Goods Facilities, from closed to open for up to 49% foreign ownership, and
- Vehicle Testing, from closed to open for up to 49% foreign ownership.
- Passenger Transportation Overland. It was 100% closed for foreign investors, but now it’s 49% foreign investment permitted.
You can download file of the Indonesia 2016 Negative Investment List or 2016 DNI here.