• Indonesian

A Comparison between Company Incorporation in Indonesia and Singapore

With some of the employment and business opportunities, it’s no surprise both Indonesia and Singapore are among the top investment destinations in Southeast Asia. Both of these dynamic countries attract foreign investors from all corners of the world to establish a business. Ever wondered what are the key differences between company incorporation in Indonesia vs. in Singapore? This article is for you.

Infographic - Company Incorporation in Indonesia vs Singapore

Indonesia vs. Singapore Incorporation

The following table summarises all important information that you need to know regarding business incorporation in both countries, before going deeper into each most relevant topic.

Singapore Indonesia
Common Business Structure
  • Pte Ltd
  • Branch
  • Representative Office
  • Sole Proprietorship
  • Partnership
  • Foreign Company (PT PMA)
  • Local Company (PT)
  • Representative Office
Time Required 1 to 3 days 4 to 6 weeks
Foreign Ownership No restrictions Negative Investment List
Shareholder Min. 1 Min. 2
Capital Contribution SGD 1 Min. IDR 50 million (depending on type and size)

1. Foreign Ownership

The government of Singapore permits foreign ownership of 100% for private limited companies. In other words, a local partner is not required if you want to establish a company in Singapore. You just need to appoint a shareholder and a resident company director.

Indonesia does not offer the same freedom like Singapore in this regard. A foreigner can have a 100% foreign limited liability company or a joint-venture limited liability company that requires at least 5% of local shares. Furthermore, there are business sectors that are prohibited for foreign ownership in Indonesia under the Negative Investment List.

2. Requirements

The Singaporean government requires foreign investors to meet minimum requirements before they can set up and run their business in the country. These requirements include appointing a resident company secretary and a director with an employment pass certificate, having between 1 and 50 shareholders, and showing S$1 paid-up capital.

The requirements for company incorporation in Indonesia are stricter. You need to set up a commissioner, have paid-up capital of 25% of the total authorised capital, and have a minimum paid capital of IDR 50 million.

3. Company Incorporation Procedure

You can go through company registration in Singapore rather quickly and efficiently due to its effective process and system. There are also fewer red tapes that you need to deal with, making an even more hassle-free incorporation procedure. A 24-hour incorporation process is normal in Singapore.

The company registration process in Indonesia, however, can take up to 1.5 months. This tedious and complex process sometimes poses a great challenge for foreigners intending to set up a business in Indonesia.

Therefore, it should be emphasized that company incorporation shall not be done without the advice from a professional advisor as they can make sure that you have all the paperwork you need and comply with all the requirements.

4. Employment

Singapore’s workforce is mostly highly skilled with good command of English and that’s why Singaporeans are preferable for foreign companies’ employment in the country. For foreigners working in Singapore, they must first acquire a work permit.

As for Indonesia, the local workforce is not as qualified or highly educated as those in Singapore. Therefore, many foreign companies are still seeking foreign talent from outside Indonesia. Work permits are also required for foreigners with more restrictive quotas.

5. Tax Obligations

In Singapore, companies can enjoy low corporate tax between 0 and 17%. Furthermore, Singapore has a wide range of tax treaties with more than 60 countries in the world, allowing companies to enjoy even more tax benefits. Singapore has a lower VAT as well: 7%.

In Indonesia, the corporate tax rate is between 1% and 25%. The percentage of your corporate tax rate depends on your profit level and industry. Indonesia has tax treaties with over 64 countries around the world and it greatly benefits foreign investors doing business in the country. The value-added tax (VAT) in Indonesia is 10%.

Company Registration in Indonesia from Singapore with Cekindo

Even though it is easier to set up a company in Singapore, Indonesia makes an enticing investment destination because of its huge population, growing middle class, low operational and labour costs and diverse landscape, among others.

As a business owner in Singapore interested in expanding to Indonesia, you may be concerned about having to fly to Indonesia to take care of the company registration process.

You do not have to visit Indonesia if you choose Cekindo as your business incorporation specialist in Singapore.

As part of In.Corp Group in Singapore, one of the largest Asian based corporate service providers, Cekindo has assisted with 20,000+ entity incorporations in the last decade and successfully completed 12,000+ compliance transactions every year.

Our expert advisors in Singapore will take care of the entire company registration process. We can also assist you in business licensing, visas and permits, banking, and other legal and business formalities per the Indonesian law.

Reach out to us and we’ll be more than happy to assist with company incorporation in Indonesia. Complete the form below.