Achieving Sustainable Development Goals in Indonesia

Indonesia’s Path Towards Sustainable Development Goals

InCorp Editorial Team

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National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) is raising awareness about the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and mobilizing support to achieve the 2030 vision. These efforts aim to facilitate the realization of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets by 2030.

The realization includes plans to break free from the middle-income trap, alleviate poverty, and become a more sustainable developed country by 2036. Despite the economic impact resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, the government has implemented recovery measures. Social aid, incentives, and fiscal policies lead to a post-pandemic economic growth trajectory. 

For your better understanding of SDGs, we will explore the extensive mapping of the Sustainable Development Goals in Indonesia. This article will thoroughly examine the strides made, the focal areas of attention, and the innovative approaches deployed to address the urgent challenges.

SDGs Implementation in Indonesia

Through strategic investments, Indonesia is dedicated to enhancing the well-being of its populace. will address various sectors, including health, education, infrastructure, and technology. The ultimate goal is to bring Indonesia into a golden age and serve as an exemplary model for neighboring nations.

The overarching ambition is for Indonesia to attain developed country status with a solid competitive edge by 2045. The government envisions a prosperous, secure, sovereign, independent, and competitive nation through collaboration and partnerships. Therefore, emphasize in advancing human resources and public welfare.

Read more: Understanding The Environmental Sustainability in Business

Government Efforts to Achieve the SDGs in Indonesia

Achieving Sustainable Development Goals in Indonesia

At the 10th Asia-Pacific Forum on Sustainable Development (APFSD), Ivanovich, representing Indonesia, revealed that the country has surpassed 50% of its SDGs indicators.  This announcement occurred during the UN conference organized by the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) in Bangkok, Thailand.

Ivanovich also highlighted notable advancements in various areas. Sanitation, public transport safety, water resources, energy efficiency, sustainable industry, carbon emissions reduction, high-tech industrial product exports, and data availability are among others to show progress. 

The Indonesian government relies heavily on data to ensure the achievement of targets. The government emphasized the need to enhance data quality and disaggregation, particularly for marginalized groups.

The National SDGs Secretariat of Indonesia collaborated closely with local governments, stakeholders, universities, academic communities, and international development partners by proposing an inclusive approach. Indonesia aims to realize all Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.

Strategy to Accelerate the Sustainable Development Goals

Abdul Halim Iskandar, the Minister of Villages, Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration, Stated the importance of inclusivity in SDG achievement. He expressed optimism about the SDGs Village initiative in his opening speech at the APFSD.

He also emphasized the importance of a local perspective in prioritizing Indonesia’s vision and grounding the SDGs at the village level through the SDGs Desa initiative. Village administrations in Indonesia cover 91 percent of the lowest level of government and have a significant population of 214 million rural residents. 

The SDGs Desa program aims to reformulate village development, empower local communities in decision-making, and utilize local potentials to improve living standards. Thus, make them independently embody the philosophy that building a nation “takes a village.”

The aim is to accelerate village development by implementing the 17 SDGs under the SDGs Desa initiative, which now includes an additional 18th goal. The program utilizes data on population, households, and developmental needs, accessible online. 

Challenges and Opportunities for Achieving the SDGs in Indonesia

Achieving Sustainable Development Goals in Indonesia

The Sustainable Development Goals are indeed ambitious. Numerous countries collectively pursue it. However, each country faces unique constraints in its pursuit of these goals. In Indonesia’s case, the following issues challenge its SDG achievement.

Inadequate Human Resources

The need for sufficient personnel with the necessary skills and expertise poses a challenge to collecting and analyzing SDG data.

Budget Constraints

More financial resources allocated to ministries, agencies, and regions help provide SDG data. Conversely, limited funding can impact data collection, analysis, and dissemination efforts.

Lack of Optimal Collaboration

Effective collaboration among stakeholders is essential for robust SDG data provision. There needs to be an optimal collaboration between different parties involved in data collection and reporting to ensure the availability and accuracy of SDG data.

Disaggregation of Statistics

The disaggregation of statistics to describe specific trends and patterns within subpopulations is a challenge in providing SDG data. Detailed data on different demographic groups requires additional resources and methodologies.

The challenges above can be overcome by primary statistical innovation, which can help overcome resource limitations and improve the quality of SDG data. Furthermore, fostering stronger collaboration among diverse stakeholders can promote better coordination and communication.

Lastly, establishing a national statistical governance framework in Indonesia can provide opportunities for advancing the achievement of SDGs by streamlining data processes.


The efforts to enhance SDG data provision can have a profound and far-reaching impact on various aspects of the economy. Businesses and entrepreneurs can make more informed decisions by improving the availability and accuracy of SDG data. Help them to align with sustainability goals and create positive social and environmental outcomes. 

At InCorp Indonesia (formerly Cekindo), we acknowledge the significance of ESG matters and provide extensive services to assist companies in their ESG journey.

From assisting with business licenses to providing expert guidance on ESG integration, we are committed to helping businesses thrive while contributing to a more sustainable future. 

Pandu Biasramadhan

Senior Consulting Manager at InCorp Indonesia

An expert for more than 10 years, Pandu Biasramadhan, has an extensive background in providing top-quality and comprehensive business solutions for enterprises in Indonesia and managing regional partnership channels across Southeast Asia.

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