Types of Legal Entities for Foreign Investors in Indonesia
If you are a foreign investor that wants full control of your business, then establishing a PT PMA is the best option you can opt for. PT PMA is the only legal entity in Indonesia that allows 100% foreign ownership. However, each sector has regulations on their permitted business activities as well as the maximum amount of shares foreigners can own determined by the Positive Investment List.
General Representative Office (KPPA)
A representative office is suitable for foreign investors and business owners that are at the early stage of expanding into Indonesia. RO's allow foreign businesses to test the Indonesian market before establishing any commercial operations. RO's also work best for non-sales activities, such as customer service support, approaching potential clients, as well as conducting marketing and brand awareness initiatives.
Representative Office for Business Trading (KP3A)
KP3A is a representative office that is established specifically for business trading. Both general and trading RO's are prohibited from conducting business activities that generate financial income. However, a trading RO may be established in any part of Indonesia, whereas a general RO is not able to do so.
Representative Office for Construction Company (BUJKA)
Similar to KP3A's, a BUJKA is a representative office specifically established for foreign construction companies. A BUJKA may engage in large-scale construction projects, but only under a joint operation with a local company known as Local PT. Despite its limitations, a BUJKA is still a good start for foreign construction companies to set their footprint in Indonesia, as they are allowed to collaborate on building projects without obtaining a construction license (SIUJK).
The Process of Setting Up a Company in Indonesia
*The estimated time after all the required documents are deemed eligible for submission to the related government’s bodies.