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Establishing A Special Purpose Vehicle In Indonesia

When and Why Do You Need to Set Up a Special Purpose Vehicle in Indonesia?

Foreign investors looking to set up a company in Indonesia, have 3 options.

1) Setting up a Foreign-Owned Limited Liability Company – this set up requires a minimum investment capital above IDR 10 billion. Of which, IDR 10 billion has to be paid up to fully incorporate a PT PMA.

2) Setting up a Representative Office – this set up does not require a minimum investment capital, and it is entitled to 100% foreign ownership. However, the company is limited to a set of specific business activities that excludes sales and all other revenue-generating activities.

3) Setting up a Local PT – this setup is done via a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) Agreement. The entity is a 100% local entity with its own assets, liabilities, and legal status.

According to the latest changes laid out in  Job Creation Law, the classification of Local PT in Indonesia based on paid-up capital as follows:

  • A micro-enterprise: less than IDR 1 billion
  • A small enterprise: IDR 1 – 5 billion
  • A medium enterprise: IDR 5-10 billion
  • A large enterprise: more than IDR 10 billion

Restrictions on Foreign-owned Companies in Indonesia

Although many foreign investors often choose to establish a PT PMA (a foreign-owned company) to operate its business in Indonesia, it is important to note, based on Indonesia’s Positive Investment List, certain business lines are either still fully closed-off to foreign ownership or, see a limitation or cap on foreign ownership. In such cases, foreign investors will need to opt for a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) or Special Purpose Entity (SPE), to start operating in Indonesia.

What is a Special Purpose Vehicle Company in Indonesia?

A Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) is a 100% local commercial company, that is set up by an organization – such as its parent company. It is commonly structured as a Partnership, Limited Partnership, or Joint Venture. An SPV is established through an agreement (commonly known as a memorandum of association) between its shareholders, directors, and commissioners. The shareholder agreement sets out the basis on which the company is established, and it provides details such as, the company name, ownership structure, management control, authorized share capital, and the extent of the liabilities of its members, to name a few.

Asides from gaining full control of your company, and access to business lines, here are some other reasons why establishing a SPV company in Indonesia could be potentially beneficial.

1. No Minumum Capital Investment Amount Required  

It might come as a surprise to some foreigners, but all foreign-owned companies are obliged to have a minimum foreign investment plan of IDR 10 billion, and minimum IDR 10 billion is considered Paid-Up capital, to be used for paying business operational cost. Because of this regulation, some foreign investors opt for a less financially demanding choice of a SPV, where there is no obligation to cough up large initial capital investment.

2. Faster and Less Complicated Process

Setting up a SPV is much faster and less complicated when compared to setting up a PT. PMA (foreign-owned company). For instance, a PT. PMA is required to produce an audited financial report before receiving its permanent business license. A permanent business license is a primary license a business must obtain, before any other licenses, such as an import or product license, can be issued.

Setting Up a Special Purpose Vehicle in Indonesia Safely

To set up a SPV that is fully in compliance with Indonesia’s law, the following are key pointers to be taken into consideration:

  • Ensure there is a minimum of 2 local shareholders in a SPV – this avoids a sole individual owning the majority of the shares.
  • Withdraw or transfer money/profits from the company regularly.
  • Look for an experienced and reputable consulting firm to draft the necessary agreements in order to protect your rights over the SPV.

Special Purpose Vehicle Set-Up Services with Cekindo

As a one-stop market-entry consulting firm, Cekindo has accumulated a deep set of market and industry knowledge from over 10 years of experience, operating in Indonesia. Cekindo’s services for SPV setup includes the following:

  1. The complete process for local company registration (including office address).
  2. Applying for Business License and other operational licenses.
  3. Appointing local professional shareholders, directors, and commissioners.
  4. Drafting of all agreements between its professional shareholders, commissioners, and directors.

Should you already have certain parts of the process covered, individual services, such as setting up a PT. Local, are also available.


  • If you do not have a professional shareholder, commissioner, and/or director, who is a local. Cekindo is able to provide one during the company registration process, at an additional fee of USD 1,500. This includes company document revision to change the professional director (after the company is established).
  • If you do not have a company address or working office yet, Cekindo is able to provide you with a serviced office and address.

Contact Us

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