How to Meet PT PMA Minimum Capital Requirements in Indonesia

How to Meet PT PMA Minimum Capital Requirements in Indonesia

InCorp Editorial Team

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The required minimum capital to set up a legal entity in Indonesia might seem straightforward, but this is often not the case.

It might be simple for locals to set up a local-owned company (PT), but it becomes more complicated for foreigners to set up a foreign-owned company (PT PMA).

The issue of minimum capital is also closely related to the type of business license, which may complicate the matter a little more.

What is Paid-Up Capital in Indonesia

Paid-up capital in Indonesia means the actual amount of funds injected into a company by shareholders. These funds are then exchanged for shares and issued for shareholders in the company.

These paid-up capitals will then be utilized for the initial and day-to-day company operations such as debts, payroll, and other expenses.

Minimum Capital Investment Requirements for a PT PMA

The Investment Coordinating Board in Indonesia (BKPM) specifies the minimum capital requirements for a PT PMA to be IDR 10 billion, depending on the industry foreigners invest in.

This minimum capital amount is just a rough plan and will be invested per the company’s proposed investment plan over three years.

In general, the minimum capital is required for all industries to sustain the local and small-medium companies while encouraging foreign investments in large-scale companies.

Currently, the paid-up capital for setting up a PT PMA in Indonesia is also IDR 10 billion – but there can be some exceptions.

For industries that are more capital intensive, for instance, financial and banking services, natural resources extraction, manufacturing, etc., a higher minimum capital is also expected. Therefore, it shall be listed in the investment plan.

Importantly, since OSS implementation, there is no longer a temporary and permanent business license except for several business licenses still issued by BKPM, like energy resources, property, and the financial sector.

Capital to Start a Local Company PT

As for local companies, called PT, the number of capital investments influences the company’s size and if a company can employ foreign workers.

According to the latest changes laid out in  Job Creation Law, the classification of Local PT in Indonesia based on paid-up capital is as follows:

  • A micro-enterprise: less than IDR 1 billion
  • A small enterprise: IDR 1 – 5 billion
  • A medium enterprise: IDR 5 – 10 billion
  • A large enterprise: more than IDR 10 billion

Due to the high capital investment requirements, only large and medium-sized enterprises allow foreign employment.

Forms of Injection of Minimum Paid-Up Capital

The minimum paid-up capital can be injected as cash into the company’s bank account or other assets. If the paid-up capital is put in with help instead of cash, the value of these assets is determined based on the current market prices.

However, the value of buildings and land is excluded from the capital unless it is a company’s primary business activity in the field.

The details of the asset payment must also be recorded in the Deed of Establishment (DOE), and the deadline for submission of the capital statement letter is 60 (sixty) days after the DOE signing. After that, the completion can be done online.

Interested in Setting up a Company in Indonesia?

The legal representatives from InCorp Indonesia specialize in corporate law and thus will walk you through the formation process of your company in Indonesia and the minimum capital investment.

Contact us now for invaluable market insights and assistance, especially for the areas where our offices are located: Jakarta, Bali, and Semarang.

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Pandu Biasramadhan

Consulting Manager at InCorp Indonesia

An expert for more than 10 years, Pandu Biasramadhan, has an extensive background in providing top-quality and comprehensive business solutions for enterprises in Indonesia and managing regional partnership channels across Southeast Asia.

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