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Newest Regulation Update on Food Packaging in Indonesia

Newest Regulation Update on Food Packaging in Indonesia Review by tenissa.tjahjono on 3. 12. 2019 Company Registration in Indonesia, Market Research in Indonesia, Work Permit in Indonesia, Product Registration in Indonesia, Local Partner Selection in Indonesia, Trade Mission in Indonesia, Company Formation in Indonesia, Company Establishment in Indonesia, Company Set Up in Indonesia, Payroll Outsourcing in Indonesia, Tax Reporting in Indonesia, Medical Product Registration in Indonesia, Medical Device Registration in Indonesia, Cosmetic Registration in Indonesia, Food Supplement Registration in Indonesia.
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On July 29, 2019, the National Agency of Drug and Food Control or Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan (BPOM) in Indonesia has made effective Regulation 20/2019 on Food Packaging.

The purpose of this new legal framework is to have more stringent supervision on food packaging. This regulation is compulsory to all types of food packaging and food packaging made from recycled materials. Food producers or manufacturers are given 12-month time period to comply with the new regulation since the enforcement date on July 29, 2019.

The issuance of Regulation 20/2019 has also replaced the BPOM No. HK.03.1.23.07.11.6664 of 2011 and BPOM No. 16 of 2014.

Regulation 20/2019 basically covers the below provisions:

  • Prohibited materials and substances
  • Permitted materials and substances
  • Recycled food packaging

Prohibited Materials and Substances in Food Packaging

food packaging in indonesia

In accordance with this new regulation, packaged food producers, or producers who manufacture food that is packaged and sold, are required to use food packaging that must not cause harm to human health.

In addition, the food packaging is not allowed to have the following prohibited food-contact substances:

1. Plastic Food Packaging

  • Colourings: alkanet, barium chromate, bismuth oxichloride
  • Oligomers: butyl-methylcarboxylbthyl,-phtalate, d-methl-cyclohexyl phthalate and its isomers, methyl-methylcarboxyethyl-phthalate
  • Adhesives: BFDGE, novolac glycidyl ethers, flectol H
  • Fillers: Asbestos
  • Curing agents: 2-choloanaline
  • Antioxidants: Hydrogenated 4,4’-isopropylidene-diphenolphosphite ester resins
  • Sanitisers: Hydrogenated 4,4’-isopropylidene-diphenolphosphite ester resins

 

2. Ink Printed Directly on Packaging

  • Colourings: emerald green, chrome vermillion, induline
  • Stabilisers: barium stearate, tributylin rosin salts, chlorinated naphthalenes
  • Solvents: o-Dicholorobenzene, ethylene dibromide, monochlorobenzene

 

3. Rubber-based Food Packaging: mercaptoimidazoline, 2-mercaptoimidazoline

4. Metal-based Food Packaging: lead solders

5. Glass-based Food Packaging: tin-coated lead foil

Permitted Materials and Substances in Food Packaging

food packaging indonesia

Allowed materials and substances of food packaging under Regulation 20/2019 are specified as follows:

1. Allowed substances with migration thresholds

  • Oligomers: phthalic acid, soybean oil, adipic acid
  • Antioxidants: thiodipropanoic acid
  • Antistatic agents: N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)alkyl (C8-C18) amine, N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)alkyl (C8-C18) amine hydrochlorides, alkyl (C8-C22) sulphonic acid
  • Stabilisers: Di-n-octyltin bis(n-alkyl(C10-C16) mercaptoacetate), mono-n-octyltin tris mercaptoacetate, dimethyltin bis(ethylhexyl mercaptoacetate)
  • Degradants: acetaldehyde
  • Catalysts: antimony trioxide
  • Adhesives: 2,2-bis propane bis ether, BADGE.H2O, BADGE.2H2O, BADGE.HCI, BADGE.2HCI, BADGE.H2O.HCI
  • Acetaldehyde scavengers: 2-aminobenzamide
  • Carriers for colourants: adipic acid, DEHA

 

2. Allowed substances without migration thresholds (in rubber-based, plastic-based, and elastomer-based food packaging)

  • Anti-foulants: benzeoic acid, sodium salt, 2,4-dihydorxy polymer with formaldehyde
  • Anti-corrosion agents: polyethylene glycol (400) monooleate, zinc hydroxyl phosphite
  • Anti-microbial agents: benzethonium chloride USP, dimethyl dicarbonate, silver zinc glass
  • Preservatives: 1,2-Benzisothiazolin-3-one
  • Anti-static, Anti-fogging agents: aluminum borat, glycerol ester mixtures of ricinoleic acid
  • Anti-blocking agents: methylmethacrylate-trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate copolymers
  • Release agents: saturated fatty acid amides from fatty acids of marine, animal and vegetable fats and oils, sebacic acid, rice bran wax
  • Clarifying agents: dibenzylidene sorbitol, dimethyldibenzylidne sorbitol, polyvinil cyclohexane

 

3. Allowed materials

  • Multilayer plastic (migration thresholds based on usage conditions and food types)
  • Monolayer plastics depending on articles and resins
  • Paper and cartons
  • Rubber and elastomers
  • Covers, seals, gaskets
  • Ceramics
  • Upholstery (from resins, polymers)
  • Glass
  • Metals

 

All migration threshold of allowed materials and substances must follow the migration thresholds for article forms.

For materials and substances that are not covered under the allowed substances and materials under Regulation 20/2019, they can still be used in food packaging in Indonesia as long as businesses have obtained Head of the BPOM’s approval. The approval can be applied with written application to the Head of the BPOM.

Food Packaging with Recycled Materials

Recycled food packaging must also strictly comply with several other regulations specifying the production methods, particularly article 10 and article 11 of the same regulation.

How Cekindo can Assist

Indonesia offers many opportunities for food producers, traders and distributors looking to enter a large profitable market. However, the country’s food relevant laws and processes can be difficult to maneuver for first-time foreign investors.

Cekindo can help you navigate the market that requires due diligence. By partnering with us, you can make all regulatory processes smoother and more effective. Seek advice from Cekindo now so that you can thrive in the food and beverage scene. Fill in the form below.