Indonesia Positive Investment List

Indonesia Improves Foreign Investment Landscape with A Positive Investment List

  • InCorp Editorial Team
  • 27 June 2024
  • 5 minute reading time

Following the enactment of Indonesia’s Omnibus Bill, its Government has released an update of business sectors and lines (also commonly referred to as KBLI) that are now open to foreign investment in Indonesia. Although the revised Negative Investment List was drafted to attract more foreign investors and has been dubbed the “Positive Investment List”, this long-awaited list may not carry the weight of its namesake. 

A further dive into the Presidential Regulation (Perpres) 10/2021 presented both business opportunities, benefits, and challenges in different areas of doing business in Indonesia. In this article, we hope to simplify and provide you with a broad and better understanding of Indonesia’s Positive Investment List. 

Understanding The Four Categories of Indonesia’s Positive Investment List

A key thing investors should note is the creation of a new category in the latest Positive Investment List. 

Positive Investment List CategoriesBusiness Lines open to foreign investments
Priority Sectors (NEW)245 
Business Fields With Specific Requirements Or Limitations46
Corporations with Cooperatives & local MSMEs 51
Closed Sectors112

Indonesia’s Priority Sectors – 100% Foreign Company Ownership in Indonesia

Under Presidential Regulation (Perpres) 10/2021, foreign companies (commonly referred to as PT PMA) interested in these business lines will need to meet a set of criteria including but not limited to; national projects, export-oriented, use of advanced technology, labor intensive and high capital investment. 

According to BKPM, the following table illustrates Indonesia’s Priority Sectors.

While the new regulation did not clearly define labor intensive, according to the Ministry of Industry, labor-intensive is defined as businesses that employ at least 200 workers with a labor cost that accounts for 15% of total production costs. 

The government has set up ambitious criteria for its priority sectors, but foreign companies that find themselves in this category are set up for a range of fiscal and non-fiscal incentives, including tax holidays. Capital-intensive businesses over IDR 500 billion receive a 100% cut in Corporate Income Tax for up to 20 years. Investments worth IDR 100 – 500 billion will be granted a 50% reduction in Corporate Income Tax, based on Peraturan Menteri Keuangan Nomor: 130/2020 which regulates Indonesia’s tax holiday policy. In comparison, foreign companies that relocate their operations to Malaysia benefit from an income tax rate of 0 – 10% for a period of up to 10 years. 

In total, there are 245 business lines included under the priority sector. 183 business lines are eligible to get tax allowances, while 18 can get tax holidays, and 44 can get investment allowances.

Business Line

Current Arrangement

Tax Incentives

Previous limitation

Pharmaceutical Products for Human Consumption

Open for 100% foreign investment

Tax allowances

Maximum 85% foreign investment 

Canned fruit and vegetables

Open for 100% foreign investment

Investment allowances

Maximum 30% foreign investment

Digital Economy (Including website hosting and e-commerce)

Open for 100% foreign investment

Tax Holiday

Storage, Purification, and Distribution of Drinking Water

Open for 100% foreign investment

Tax allowances

Maximum 95% foreign investment

Golf Field

Open for 100% foreign investment

Tax Holiday

Maximum 67% foreign investment (70% for ASEAN Countries)

Partnerships with Indonesia Cooperatives and MSME (Micro Small Medium Enterprise)

As the Indonesian government continues to transform and respond to the changes brought on by COVID-19, it is necessary for its Positive Investment List to consider how MSME, digitalization, and new consumer demands will look in a post-pandemic investment landscape.

There are 51 business lines under this category, the notable sectors are:

Foreign investors or foreign companies looking to enter these businesses will require a form of local business partnership arrangement, under the following forms of partnerships with Indonesian companies. 

Profit sharingSubcontractingOutsourcingDistribution

Asides from the four listed arrangements (above), the Ministry of Cooperatives and SMEs have created a climate that encourages medium-sized enterprises to list on Indonesia’s Stock Exchange in an attempt to aid its financing capabilities. 

Business Fields With Specific Requirements Or Limitations

The amendments to this category left a smaller mark, as they affected a handful of business sectors, namely media, broadcasting, aviation, sea transport, wood, and coffee sectors.

There are a total of 46 business lines included in this category. Here are some of them:

Business LineArrangementRequirement
Publishing for newspapers and magazinesMaximum foreign investment at 49%Through the capital market and in the framework of business expansion or development.
The domestic line for public serviceMaximum foreign investment at 49%
Overseas Liner and Tramper FreightMaximum foreign investment at 49%
Inter-Provinces’ Pioneer LineMaximum foreign investment at 49%

Indonesia Closed Sectors From Foreign Investment

A total of six sectors remain closed or restricted for investments from both domestic and foreign companies.

  • Class-I narcotics and cultivation;
  • All forms of gambling activities;
  • Fishing of endangered species;
  • Utilization of corals found in nature for the production of jewelry, souvenirs, building materials, etc.;
  • Chemical weapons production; and
  • Industrial ozone-depleting substances industries and industrial chemicals.

How InCorp Indonesia can Assist

Find out first-hand, what it takes to expand into Indonesia. We are here to help clients rethink structure & cost to deliver on business ROI.

Stay on top of regulations with tailor-made solutions to break into Indonesia. Contact us for a 1:1 consultation by filling in the form below.

Pandu Biasramadhan

Senior Consulting Manager at InCorp Indonesia

An expert for more than 10 years, Pandu Biasramadhan, has an extensive background in providing top-quality and comprehensive business solutions for enterprises in Indonesia and managing regional partnership channels across Southeast Asia.

Get in touch with us.

Lead Form

Disclaimer: The information is provided by PT. Cekindo Business International (“InCorp Indonesia/ we”) for general purpose only and we make no representations or warranties of any kind.

We do not act as an authorized government or non-government provider for official documents and services, which is issued by the Government of the Republic of Indonesia or its appointed officials.

We do not promote any official government document or services of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia, including but not limited to, business identifiers, health and welfare assistance programs and benefits, unclaimed tax rebate, electronic travel visa and authorization, passports in this website.

Frequent Asked Questions

As their names suggest, the main differences between the three business kinds in Indonesia lie in the businesses and the purpose of their incorporation. Local company owners (PT) must be Indonesian citizens, as even 1 percent of foreign ownership is not allowed. This type of company is not limited to entering any business field, and restrictions on incorporation are not so tight. On the contrary, a foreign-owned company (PT PMA) is open to international investors, but the maximal percentage of foreign shares differs in various business sectors. Contact InCorp to get the most updated information on the Negative Investment List. International investors tend to open representative offices as a first step to understanding the Indonesian market before setting up a limited liability company. This type is used for marketing and promotion activities and needs the right to sell directly and receive income.

There are three things business owners need to consider before setting up a business in Indonesia: the type of business entity, capital requirements, and regulations.

Indonesian regulations separate local companies from foreign companies. Generally, foreign-owned companies (PT PMA) have more limitations than their local counterparts (Local PT). However, to pursue more foreign direct investment in the country, the government has taken several bold initiatives to increase the ease of doing business and provide numerous attractive incentives for foreign investors.

Yes, this mainly applies to import and export businesses. Instead of establishing a company, you can use an under-name import service, an importer of record.

It should take between 30 to 45 days.