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Recruitment and Hiring Market in Indonesia

InCorp Editorial Team

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Foreign Worker Recruitment Process for PMA in Indonesia

The process of recruiting foreign labor for a PMA is quite a bit more complicated than local labor. Based on Law Number 13 the Year 2003 concerning manpower, employers are prohibited from employing foreigners without written permission from the Ministry of Labor and Immigration (Depnakertrans). This process consists of filling out a Request Legalization of Foreign Manpower Utilization Plan (RPTKA) submitted to the Ministry of Labor and Immigration or a designated official. To get the RPTKA, an employer (PMA) needs to submit a written application together with the reason for using foreign labor. The complete requirements are as follows:

• Completed RPTKA form
• Business license from the competent authority
• Incorporation certificate as a legal entity that has been approved by the competent authority
• Domicile letter of the company from the local government
• Organization structure of the company
• A letter of appointment as a companion of migrant foreign workers employed
• A copy of proof required to report employment valid under Law No. 7 of 1981 on Report Obligatory in the company and
• Recommendation of positions that will be occupied by foreign workers from certain agencies if necessary

Local Manpower Recruitment Process for PMA

The easiest way for a PMA to recruit local labor is by using a staffing or jobseeker agency such as,, etc. A staffing agency is a kind of company that provides services to the PMA for recruiting workers based on the requirement. A staffing  agency will help the PMA in the following matters:

• Preparation of applicants ads to find possible candidates
• Assess administration to identify the minimum requirements. The staffing agency will assess compliance with minimum requirements such as education, experience, competence, etc., based on the requirements for the position.
• The selection process, both written and verbal
• Provide recommendations to the PMA on suitable candidates to be hired

Cekindo,  as a market entry consulting firm, also provides you with recruitment and HR establishment services for your company to support the overall business strategy. HR recruitment plays a major role in setting up strategic capabilities and functional expertise. In Indonesia, special attention is required to find suitable channels for recruit qualified employees. Cekindo has extensive networks and databases to provide professional services to foreign entities and entrepreneurs in establishing an initial team in Indonesia, as well as expanding a team as the result of business growth. Cekindo provides recruitment for employees as well as headhunting for managerial positions. By leveraging our extensive experience and network of contacts, our consultants will fully understand your hiring needs and employment conditions and will deliver the expected human resources, from promotion, screening, to conducting pre-interviews.

Employment Potential in Indonesia

According to the Central Statistics Agency (BPS), the labor force in Indonesia had reached about 121.2 million by February 2013. The number of Indonesian workers holding qualifications from elementary schools (SD) and below, is 52 million people (46.93 percent), or nearly half of the total number of workers. Workers who are Junior High School (SMP) graduates make up a total of 20.5 million people (18.5 percent), while high school graduate workers (SMA) totaled 17.84 million people (16.1 percent). University graduates form the lowest number of workers at 7.57 million people (6.83 percent) and those with a diploma totaled 2.92 million people (2.63 percent).


hint idea - iconAre you still in the middle of the road to choose between in-house hiring or using an outsourcing service? To help you decide what’s best for your business, check Doing Business in Indonesia: Hiring or Outsourcing?


Provincial Minimum Wage (UMP) 2020

The following provinces set a minimum wage in 2020 (

• DKI Jakarta: IDR 4,267,349
• Papua: IDR 3,516,700
• North Sulawesi: IDR 3,310,723
• Bangka Belitung: IDR 3,230,022
• Papua Barat: IDR 3,134,600
• Nangroe Aceh Darussalam: IDR 3,165,030
• South Sulawesi: IDR 3,103,800
• South Sumatra: IDR 3,043,111
• Riau Islands: IDR 3,005,803
• North Kalimantan: IDR 3,000,803
• East Kalimantan: IDR 2,981,378
• Central Kalimantan: IDR 2,903,144
• Riau: IDR 2,888,563
• South Kalimantan: IDR 2,877,447
• North Maluku: IDR 2,721,530
• Maluku: IDR 2,604,960
• Jambi: IDR 2,630,161
• Gorontalo: IDR 2,586,900
• West Sulawesi: IDR 2,571,328
• North Sumatra: IDR 2,499,422
• Bali: IDR 2,493,523
• West Sumatra: IDR 2,484,041
• Banten: IDR 2,460,968
• Lampung: IDR 2,431,324
• West Kalimantan: IDR 2,399,698
• Central Sulawesi: IDR 2,303,710
• Bengkulu: IDR 2,213,604
• NTB: IDR 2,183,883
• NTT: IDR 1,945,902
• West Java: IDR 1,810,350
• East Java: IDR 1,768,777
• Central Java: IDR 1,742,015
• Special Region of Yogyakarta: IDR 2,004,000


The Benefits of Using Local Manpower

According to national regulations, foreign workers should only be used for jobs that require special skills that cannot be done by local labor. A PMA should use local labor whenever possible. Some advantages of using local labor are as follows:

• Understand the local culture so it is easy to adapt and communicate in their environment
• The cost of labor is much cheaper than foreign labor
• More loyal to the company
• The recruitment process is easier than for foreign labor


To get further assistance, submit your question in the form below. Our consultants will be happy to help you.

Verified by

Teddy Willy

Branch Manager - Surabaya & Batam Office at InCorp Indonesia

With 10 years of experience in business consultancy, Teddy Willy offers expertise in financial and production auditing, sales and marketing, channels and distribution, supply chain management, and human resources for every business sector in Indonesia.

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